High Blood Pressure in Children what you need to know

Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure in Children

High blood pressure in ChildrenHigh blood pressure in Children, yes children can have high blood pressure or hypertension. Children of all ages from infants to teens can have hypertension just like high BP in adults. High BP (Blood Pressure) in children younger than six years old is generally occurring due to medical conditions. Other younger children can have high BP for the same reasons as adults that include poor nutrition, excess weight, and lack of exercises.

Making some changes in lifestyle such as eating a healthy diet and practicing good exercises can help the individuals reduce hypertension. But, for some kids, along with diet and exercise medication may be needed.  According to AHA (American Heart Association) all children must do yearly blood pressure check so that if they have hypertension you will find out in early stages and you can take proper care to provide proper treatment.

Deciding healthy blood pressure ranges in children:  Generally, your doctor will analyze what is right for your child based on 3 factors that include Age, gender, and height.

How Children can get High Blood Pressure:

High blood pressure in children can be secondary hypertension or it can increase various risk factors, which can occur due to underlying health conditions. Secondary hypertension in some children occurs due to certain diseases also and some medications also can increase the risk of high blood pressure. Lifestyle-related factors or hereditary can also be a reason for high BP, but the exact cause may not be diagnosed.  According to the doctors apprehend a range of factors can add up to the condition that includes:

  • Obesity or excess weight
  • Family history
  • Race, such as African-American children, adults are at high risk of hypertension.
  • Age- Large and more mature teenagers are most likely to have high blood pressure. According to the studies and research, children who are in their teens and who are obese are most likely to have high blood pressure will have thicker arteries when they reach 30 years

Causes: Many younger children suffer from high blood pressure due to other related health conditions like kidney disease, heart defects, hormonal disorders, or other genetic conditions. Children who are overweight are probably to have primary hypertension.  This type of hypertension occurs without any underlying condition.


Children who have high blood pressure do not have any symptoms. But, signs that might show a high blood pressure crisis (hypertensive emergency) include:

  • Seizures
  • Headaches
  • Vomiting
  • Pounding, Fast, or fluttering heartbeat
  • Chest pains
  • Shortness of breath, etc.

When to see a doctor:  Well, it is always advisable to check your children’s’ blood pressure during the normal routine health check-up starting at the age of three, and check regularly if your child is diagnosed with high blood pressure.  Also, it is important to check if your child has a health condition that can enhance the risk of hypertension, including low birth weight, premature birth, congenital heart disease, and particular kidney issues. Also, it is advisable to start blood pressure checks at childhood. Talk to your child’s doctor if your kid can develop high blood pressure due to obese or overweight.